The history of LPG storage facility failure, facility design philosophy, operating and maintenance procedures, and various fire protection and firefighting approaches are presented. This publication, since it supplements API Standard and provides the basis for many of the requirements stated in that standard, must be used in conjunction with API Standard In case of conflict, API Standard shall prevail. Alternate designs are acceptable provided equal safety can be demonstrated. The following types of LPG installations are not addressed:. Format: Select Format Print Online.
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Search inside document. To extend knowledge by conducting or supporting research on the safety. With respect to partic- ular circumstances, local, state, and federal laws and regulations should be reviewed.
Sometimes a one-time extension of up to two years will be added to this review cycle. C, API standards are published to facilitate the broad availability of proven, sound engineering and operating practices. These standards are not intended to obviate the need for applying sound engineering judgment regarding when and where these standards should be utilized.
API does not represent, warrant, or guarantee that such prod- tuts do in fact conform to the applicable API standard. All rights reserved. No part ofthis work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher.
This publication provides background, philosophy, methods, and alternatives to achieve good fire protection. Information on the production or use of liquefied petroleum gas is not included. Exist ing codes and manuals, wherever practicable, have been used in the preparation of this publication. Failure History 15 Safety Analysis.. Ignition Source Control 6 2. Vessel Accessories, Including Relief Valves 19 4.
Vapor Freeing and Isolating Equipment Fireproofed Surfaces 7. Detection Systems Py 62 Training : 2 Assessing the Fire 28 Applying Cooling Water 28 6. Isolating Fuel Sources The history of LPG storage facility failure, facility design philosophy, operating and maintenance procedures, and various fire protection and firefighting approaches are presented.
Alternate designs are acceptable provided equal safety can be demonstrated. Underground storage, such as buried tanks, storage cav- lems, salt domes, or wells. Mounded storage tanks. Refrigerated storage at pressures below 15 pounds per square inch gauge. Installations covered by API Standard , e. Small installations with a single LPG tank of less than gallon capacity i. The applicability of some or all of these provisions to facilites and equipment already in place or in the process of construction or installation before the date of this publication will have to be considered on a case-by-case basis.
Introduction 1. The probability of this type of failure can be made virtually negligible with properly engineered and operated facilities. The fire-protection princi- ples of this publication are intended to prevent fire-induced vessel failure 1. Most LPG fires originate as smaller fre that have the potential to become larger and more hazardous. It is impor tant to note that LPG fires usually occur, not as result of tank failure, but because of pump seal leaks, piping leaks, or failure to follow safe work procedures.
Human failure such 3 overfills and piping leaks from poor drawoff water and sample procedures can lead to LPG release and consequent fire. Such failures are rare and seldom occur without exacerbating circumstances such as exposure to fire or external explosion, To project LPG storage vessel failure frequency, fire- protection professionals have reviewed applicable US.
These statistics reveal that the failure rate for pressure vessels from ccauses other than pre-existing fires or explosions, has been about I failure per , vessel years. To assume this fail- ture rate for hydrocarbon storage vessels is conservative, since most of the data in these studies are for steam boilers and More From Anonymous wtK1AZBi. Anonymous wtK1AZBi. Mohamed Adel.
API - PUBL 2510A Fire-Protection Considerations for the Design and Operation of LPG