It has been called by the translator Thomas Cleary "the most grandiose, the most comprehensive, and the most beautifully arrayed of the Buddhist scriptures. This sutra was especially influential in East Asian Buddhism. The sutra is also influential in Chan Buddhism. This work has been used in a variety of countries. Some major traditional titles include the following:. One source claims that it is "a very long text composed of a number of originally independent scriptures of diverse provenance, all of which were combined, probably in Central Asia, in the late third or the fourth century CE.
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We are shipping to all international locations. Learn more here about our many free resources and special digital offers. Portions of this immense scripture were among the first Buddhist literature to be introduced to China, and translation of Hua-yen material went on in that country for centuries.
Fragmentary translation seems to have begun in the second century; during the next two centuries at least a dozen separate translations from five books of the Hua-yen appeared, one book being translated no less than four times.
The famous "Ten Stages" book, often treated as an individual scripture, was first translated in the third century. The Buddha, divining their thoughts, "fills the universe with great compassion" and enters concentration— whereupon all worlds become beautiifed and pure.
Then, from inconceivably distant worlds in the ten directions, come bodhisattvas bringing all sorts of mystical clouds; the bodhisattvas from the zenith display, in every part of their bodies and accoutrements, the practices of all Buddhas of all times.
The scripture goes on to say that the lesser saints, however, did not even practice this vista of the Buddha and bodhisattvas—they lacked the past mental development to do so and dwelt in one-sided emptiness, ultimate quiescence, and personal liberation. The scripture likens this situations to someone in a crowd having a glorious dream which is not known to others because they are not having the same dream, or to someone entering various states of concentration unknown to others who are not in those states.
Then the ten leading bodhisattvas each utter verses of praise of the Buddha, trying to broaden the perspective of the saints. Toward the end of his journey Sudhana is directed to Maitreya, the Buddha-to-be, personi. He re. Then Maitreya appears. Finally Maitreya has Sudhana enter the tower, which is then seen to be boundlessly vast, as extensive as space, and magni.
Sudhana also sees that inside the tower are innumerable similarly adorned towers, each as extensive as space, yet not interfering with each other. Thus it is said that the existence of each element of the universe includes the existence of the whole universe and hence is as extensive as the universe itself. This point, a basic premise of the whole Hua-yen teaching, is dealt with in more detail in the treatises translated in this volume. Passing through more than a hundred and ten cities, Sudhana comes to a city called Sumana and stands before the gate thinking of Manjusri and seeking him.
Then Manjusri disappears, and Sudhana wishes to see Manjusrias well as all teachers, "numerous as atoms in the cosmos," to associate with them, serve them, and learn all knowledge from them. The scripture ends with a lengthy eulogy of Buddhahood. Menu Search. Cart You have no items in your shopping cart. Search: Search. My Account Login. Shambhala logo.
An Introduction to the Flower Ornament Sutra. Sudhana, from WikiCommons. Related Topics Heart Sutra.
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