Distribution: Equatorial Africa. Shrinkage: Radial: 6. Color tends to darken with age. Sapwood is grayish brown. With a fine, even texture.
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We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos.
African Pearwood Baillonella toxisperma , otherwise known as False Shea Butternut, is a large, tropical tree that can reach up to 60 m high with a trunk diameter of up to to cm. It has a straight and cylindrical bole, alternately arranged leaves, and round fruits.
In traditional medicine, the seed kernel of this plant is used for its fatty oil content to treat rheumatism. In particular, the oil is applied externally to the pained area caused by such ailment.
Decoctions of the bark are used against kidney conditions, tooth pain, rickets, vaginal infections, and problems in respiratory and digestive tracts. The fruit pulp, though it contains latex, is eaten fresh. The fatty oil obtained from the seeds is also used in cooking. It is also used as pomade to the hair and in soap making. The wood is heavy, hard, elastic, and very durable. Not to be confused with Dacryodes edulis, the African pear.
Baillonella djave Engl. Pierre ex Dubard. Baillonella pierriana Engl. Mimusops djave Eng. The fruit pulp is eaten fresh although it contains latex[ , ].
The seed kernel contains a fatty oil that is used in cooking[ , ]. The residue after extracting the oil is toxic.
Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. The seed kernel contains a fatty oil that is used in traditional medicine[ ]. It is applied externally to treat rheumatic pains[ ]. Bark decoctions are used to treat kidney problems, toothache, rickets, vaginal infections and affections of the respiratory and digestive tracts[ ].
Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Other Uses The seed kernel contains a fatty oil that is used as a pomade to the hair and also in soap manufacture[ , ]. The allelopathic compound 3-hydroxyuridine has been isolated from the leaves, stems and roots of the tree[ ].
It inhibited the growth of seedlings of some test plants[ ]. The heartwood has a uniform reddish brown colour, more or less dark and finely veined; it is clearly demarcated from the 4 - 6cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is fine; the grain straight or interlocked. The wood is heavy, hard, elastic, very durable, with a resistance to fungi, Lyctus beetles, termites and marine borers. It is difficult to work due to the presence of silica 0. Painting and varnishing with the principal industrial products do not cause problems.
It is used for many purposes including high class cabinetwork, joinery and carpentry in both interior and exterior applications, marine construction, flooring, turnery, railway sleepers, decorative uses and veneer[ , ]. Seeds germinate in abundance under or close to mother trees. When the tree bole has attained 1m in diameter and the crowns have reached or passed the forest canopy, diameter growth is up to 9. It has been estimated from growth rings and C14 dating that a tree with a bole diameter of 1 metre was years old and one with a diameter of 2.
The tree starts flowering at an age of 50 - 70 years, when it has reached the light in the upper storey of the forest, but regular fructification starts still later, when the bole has reached 70 cm in diameter[ ].
Fruits are produced annually, but mass production occurs once in 3 years. About 6, seeds per tree are produced within a cycle of 3 years; a single tree produced 2, kg of fruits, including kg of seed kernels[ ]. The fruiting season lasts up to 4 weeks for an individual tree, but may last 3 months for a whole wild population[ ].
At present, the only management measure for natural forest is the maintenance of a minimum diameter limit for exploitation, i. Sustainable production in natural forest is therefore not possible. Cutting cycles of 30 years, as often practised, threaten the populations seriously[ ].
During the fruiting season, local people often move to localities where clusters of trees are found and stay there in temporary camps for 2 - 8 weeks. The collected fruits are depulped and the seed kernels dried. After heating, the oil is gathered by pressing with a traditional wooden press. The oil is used domestically or sold. It can be stored for 1 - 2 years[ ]. In , which was a very good year for fruit production, the yield of oil was estimated at - litres per adult tree[ ].
Celsius Fahrenheit:. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Shade is required for germination, which usually takes 1 - 4 weeks[ ]. However, fresh seeds stored at 4? In the nursery the lower half of the seed is buried, with the scar pointing downwards. The mortality of seedlings in the nursery is very low. Partial shading is favourable for seedling development.
Under optimal nursery conditions seedlings may reach 35 cm in height after 6 weeks, 45 cm after 3 months and 1.
The seedling develops a taproot and so it is recommended to sow into polythene pots. Seedlings are planted out into the field, when about 4 - 5 months old, at the start of the rainy season under the light shade of about 10 retained adult trees per ha. The shade should be removed gradually when a reduction in diameter growth is observed[ ].
Seeds germinate in abundance under or close to mother trees - whilst it is not necessary for the seeds to pass through the intestines for germination, it does accelerate germination slightly[ ]. Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section. Author Pierre. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. What's this? This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages.
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To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Follow Us:. Baillonella toxisperma - Pierre. Sawdust from the wood can irritate mucous membrances[ ]. Habitats Usually scattered in primary rainforest on all soil types except marshy soil[ ].
Jabea Tongo Etonde. Translate this page:. Baillonella toxisperma is a deciduous Tree growing to 50 m ft by 40 m ft at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone UK Suitable for: light sandy , medium loamy and heavy clay soils and prefers well-drained soil.
Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic alkaline soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade. It prefers moist soil. Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available. Read More.
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MOABI (Baillonella toxisperma)
Mimusops obovata Pierre ex Engl. The tree reaches a height of more than 50 m with straight cylindrical boles to 32 m in length. The trunk diameter attains up to cm, sometimes even reaching more than cm. Butt swelling is reported in older trees. Log is banned for international tra.
More than 90 years to reach adulthood
Baillonella toxisperma also called African pearwood , djave nut , or moabi is a species of tree in the family Sapotaceae , and the only species in the genus Baillonella. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. Baillonella toxisperma is declining over large parts of its range due to overexploitation , as it is both a highly desired hardwood for international export, and can provide a locally prized edible oil. Although minimum diameter logging restrictions are in place, the species appears to be in decline and has been classified as vulnerable by the IUCN. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. African Pearwood Baillonella toxisperma , otherwise known as False Shea Butternut, is a large, tropical tree that can reach up to 60 m high with a trunk diameter of up to to cm. It has a straight and cylindrical bole, alternately arranged leaves, and round fruits. In traditional medicine, the seed kernel of this plant is used for its fatty oil content to treat rheumatism. In particular, the oil is applied externally to the pained area caused by such ailment. Decoctions of the bark are used against kidney conditions, tooth pain, rickets, vaginal infections, and problems in respiratory and digestive tracts.