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The Berlin Stadtbahn "city railway" is a major railway thoroughfare in the German capital Berlin , which runs through Berlin from east to west. It connects the eastern district of Friedrichshain with Charlottenburg in the west via 11 intermediate stations including Hauptbahnhof.
The Berlin Stadtbahn is often also defined as the slightly longer route between Ostkreuz and Westkreuz , although this is not technically correct. The line was originally built in the s. It is 12 kilometers 7. The Stadtbahn line is an elevated rail line with viaducts totalling 8 kilometers 5. A further 2 kilometers 1. The remaining length of the line is on an embankment. The line carries four tracks, in two pairs. The northern pair are reserved for use by the S-Bahn , and are electrified using a third rail carrying V DC.
The S-Bahn tracks have platforms at all eleven stations along the Stadtbahn. Six of the Stadtbahn stations have platforms on these tracks, although not all trains stop at all stations, depending on the class and route of the train. From east to west, the Stadtbahn has stations at: .
Although most InterCity and Intercity-Express trains now use the north-south tunnel route via Hauptbahnhof, some trains do still remain on the Stadtbahn's long distance tracks.
These trains, mainly those heading toward Hanover and Cologne , usually call at Hauptbahnhof and Ostbahnhof. In , eight main line railways existed in Berlin, with terminal stations at the city's edge or outside the city limits. This was very impractical for many passengers, who were forced to use hackney carriages to transfer from one train to another.
Therefore, a railway line was planned to connect these terminuses with each other. However, things did not go as expected and the DEG went into bankruptcy in , which forced the Prussian state government to take over operations, pay for the construction of the line with state money and to reimburse the former private owners of the DEG.
The directorate at first reported to the Prussian Ministry of Transport and later became a subsidiary of the Ministry of Public Operations. The planned railway had two tracks each for freight and passenger traffic. Having taken similar projects in London and New York City into consideration, passenger traffic received priority over freight trains. Furthermore, the new railway line was not only to serve as a connection between the mainline termini in Berlin, but would also offer connections to the Berlin Ringbahn and the suburban rail lines.
The traffic routing was not only influenced by the location of the already existing stations the line was supposed to connect, but also by land availability in the city centre. Its elevated nature sets the Stadtbahn apart from the previous Berliner Verbindungsbahn , built in , which was built at street level and was a hindrance to travel. Work on the line started in and the Stadtbahn was opened on 7 February for local traffic; it opened on 15 May the same year for long-distance trains.
The costs of construction, including purchase of the land, were estimated at about 5 million Goldmark per kilometre. The line would later become the core route of the Berlin S-Bahn. The Stadtbahn was originally equipped with longitudinal iron sleepers on the Haarmann system,  however these were replaced with wooden sleepers in the early 20th century. The original stations , from west to east, were:.
Since 1 May the Stadtbahn also connected to Stralau-Rummelsburg Ostkreuz since in the east and Westend via Westkreuz in the west. Suburban trains operated on the local tracks, the so-called city track. At first, these were either services to the suburbs or connections to the Berlin Ringbahn , running as "half ring trains", using the Stadtbahn and either the northern or the southern Ringbahn.
The trains were pulled by locomotives, which ran on coke to minimise the smell. Doors on the train compartments had to be opened by the passengers themselves and stations were not called out on the train. These trains ran from 4 o'clock in the morning to 1 o'clock at night, typically at intervals between two and five minutes, depending on the time of day.
Fares in the early 20th century were 10 pfennig in 3rd class and 15 pfennig in 2nd class. The freight traffic to the central market at Alexanderplatz was carried by seven special trains per day, of which four ran at night, two during the day and one in the evening. By the end of the 19th century, however, most of these train runs had to terminate at their old destination stations again due to the increasing local traffic on the Stadtbahn.
Suburban trains to Spandau and Strausberg also ran on the Stadtbahn's long-distance tracks until Trains heading west usually left from the Schlesischer Bahnhof station, those heading east from Charlottenburg. Depots were situated in Rummelsburg then called Bw Karlshorst and Grunewald. Between and , the Stadtbahn viaduct was thoroughly modernised in order to handle the ever-increasing train weight.
Also, the train sheds of Alexanderplatz and Schlesischer Bahnhof were replaced. The suburban line's platforms were raised to a height of 96 centimetres. A second long-distance platform and a new hall were built at Zoo station from to The station hall was only glazed in the s, however.
The notable terraced vestibule dates from the same time. Therefore, suburban services to Spandau could be moved from the long-distance tracks to the local tracks. The last steam trains disappeared in when the ring became fully operated by electric trains.
Half-ring trains operated only as peak time services. In December the term S-Bahn and the symbol of a white S on a green circle were introduced for the city, ring and suburban services. The national importance had diminished with the loss of eastern Germany ; only a few trains ran towards the western zones.
Some trains from the Soviet zone terminated on the Stadtbahn. During the Berlin Blockade , the long-distance traffic came to an almost complete halt. From 18 May , when all Berlin terminal stations and all other long-distance stations in West Berlin were closed, the station Zoologischer Garten remained the only long-distance station for the western part of the city.
The station also featured a border crossing into East Berlin. Later, through coaches and shuttle trains connecting to the night trains to Scandinavia crossed the intra-German border on the Stadtbahn as well. Due to a quirk in legislation, the West Berlin parts of the Stadtbahn belonged to the Deutsche Reichsbahn , which made it and therefore the GDR government one of the largest landowners in West Berlin.
In East Berlin , a flat fee of 0. West Berlin politics and most of the populace fully boycotted the S-Bahn, which was run by the East German railways, and introduced bus and U-Bahn lines running parallel to the S-Bahn network and the Stadtbahn. Despite problems, the Deutsche Reichsbahn made improvements to the line and reconstructed at great expense the Westkreuz railway station which had been built on swamp land. Meanwhile, the number of S-Bahn lines running in West Berlin was reduced to just three as a consequence of a strike carried out by the Deutsche Reichsbahn's West Berlin-based employees in September Soon thereafter, talks with the GDR commenced regarding improvements of the Stadtbahn in West Berlin as well as the modernisation of the Zoologischer Garten station.
The Lehrter Stadtbahnhof was also carefully restored to its original s look and became a listed building. In East Berlin, the Ostbahnhof was partially rebuilt and renamed to Hauptbahnhof , in time for the th anniversary of Berlin's founding in The fall of the Berlin Wall and German reunification made for a sudden spike of importance for the Stadtbahn.
The first InterRegio train ran to Cologne in The Hamburg line was soon extended to Dresden and Prague , and the former Interzonenzug trains from Munich were converted to InterCity trains and now ran on the Stadtbahn as well. The western part of the Stadtbahn was electrified on 4 July up to Zoologischer Garten station.
The eastern part of the line up to Ostbahnhof had been electrified since As soon as electrification reached the Zoo station, ICE trains began to use the station. In October a large-scale modernisation programme was started on the Stadtbahn.
The viaducts were checked and strengthened, and the tracks were bedded in concrete to improve durability and comfort. Almost all stations saw large financial investments and were thoroughly modernised. Long-distance traffic between Zoo and Ostbahnhof stations was interrupted during the construction period and the S-Bahn trains temporarily used the long-distance line.
The realigned section consisted of two m-long bridges spanning the station and the adjacent Humboldthafen port. Until the summer of , the Stadtbahn was the main thoroughfare for long-distance trains, which usually stopped at Zoologischer Garten and Ostbahnhof which was renamed in When the new Hauptbahnhof opened on 28 May the importance of the line diminished slightly, as many trains now would use the new north-south line connected to the Hauptbahnhof.
The remaining intercity trains on the Stadtbahn, mainly those heading toward Hanover and Cologne , now usually call at Hauptbahnhof and Ostbahnhof. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the railway line through Berlin. For the type of light-rail system in other parts of Germany, see Stadtbahn. North—South mainline. S-Bahn Berlin GmbH. Archived from the original on February 11, Retrieved May 4, Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg. Deutsche Bahn AG. Illustrirte Zeitung in German. February 25, Berlin: Spatial Structure of a Divided City. Die Reichsbahn in German. Die Berliner U-Bahn in German. Tales from the Berlin Wall. Recollections of Frequent Crossings.
Retrieved February 28, VS Verlag. Current: Defunct: Future:.
Berlin Route map for Bus 100 - Berlin Forum
I know that Zone C is Potsdam , Oranienburg, etc. Karlshorst, Treptow, and Wannsee are all in zone B. This topic has been closed to new posts due to inactivity. We hope you'll join the conversation by posting to an open topic or starting a new one.
Transport zones - Berlin Forum
The Berlin Stadtbahn "city railway" is a major railway thoroughfare in the German capital Berlin , which runs through Berlin from east to west. It connects the eastern district of Friedrichshain with Charlottenburg in the west via 11 intermediate stations including Hauptbahnhof. The Berlin Stadtbahn is often also defined as the slightly longer route between Ostkreuz and Westkreuz , although this is not technically correct. The line was originally built in the s.
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