|Country:||Republic of Macedonia|
|Published (Last):||19 February 2018|
|PDF File Size:||19.45 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||19.19 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The regional identities are mainly an effect of administrative divisions from the Soviet period. The question of North-South differentiation, that the ethnoregional identity is based on, apart from geographic disparities, is a result of different political situation in both regions.
The fact that the ethnoregional factor has a deep historical background is expressed in the stereotypes that both of the groups create. The ethnic identity in the independent Kyrgyzstan is strengthened by the new historical policy, including the search for the ancient Kyrgyz roots.
Save to Library. Andrzej Wierzbicki. This is my HD thesis in Polish. Short version of this book in English was published under the title "Social Bonds in the Political Culture in Kyrgyzstan".
This pdf file includes: table of contents and summary in English and Russian, Recenzentami wydawniczymi byli prof. Wojciech Jakubowski UWM i prof. Andrzej Chodubski UG , prof. Reforming the global financial architecture: just tinkering around the edges?
This paper aims to measure and compare French stock and bond market volatilities using various range-based volatility estimators and conditional heteroskedasticity models. Particularly, we measure volatility for stock returns related to Particularly, we measure volatility for stock returns related to five major companies operating in different sectors and four French bonds with different maturity dates and different reference indices.
Our empirical results demonstrate that the bond and stock market volatility behaviors exhibited by the French markets are different from those in major developed asset markets.
The results also show that the conditional volatilities of nominal bonds have equivalent specifications to those used to model stock volatilities.
However, the indexed linked bonds are notably different because the suitable specification used to model their conditional volatilities is the standard GARCH model. This study is of particular importance because it is crucial for investors in the global financial market to be informed about the volatility patterns of various assets, as well as the relative volatility of the bond market to the stock market.
Sana Chargui. Based on daily return data for French bonds with different maturity dates and different Based on daily return data for French bonds with different maturity dates and different reference indices, our analysis reveals two empirical regularities. First, the relationship, in uncertainty, between nominal and index-linked bond returns is strongly significant and is mostly due to the liquidity risk.
Second, the co-persistence in volatility returns for the studied bonds is also confirmed. This empirical study provides a useful method that may be employed by decision makers to quantitatively manage and reallocate their portfolios.
This article investigates the dependence structure related to four French nominal and index-linked bonds with various maturities and reference indices. To achieve this aim, we estimate various copulas to select the appropriate one for our To achieve this aim, we estimate various copulas to select the appropriate one for our data.
The major issue in this study is that the best copulas used to model the dependence among bond returns are the Plackett and Student models. We also find a dynamic correlation between bond returns. In particular, the relationship between nominal and indexed bonds is characterized by an asymmetric dependence. Moreover, the results obtained by the copula approach are confirmed by those obtained by multivariate GARCH modelling.
Our empirical study provides a useful method that may be employed by decision-makers to quantitatively introduce dependence and spillover effects in their bond issuance policy. For investors, we propose optimal investment combinations in bonds with respect to their investment horizons. The Natural Yield Curve in Brazil. This paper estimates the term structure of natural interest rates for Brazil, a generalization of the concept of natural rate of interest for the yield curve.
First, the Diebold-Li model is estimated with real yields. The latent The latent factors of this model are then used in a model that includes an IS and a Phillips curve. The natural yield curve is obtained as the level, slope and curvature that closes the output gap at each point in time. This decomposition allows a broader indicator of the stance of monetary policy and a real-time measure of the natural rate.
The difference between the slope of the real curve and its natural counterpart is highly correlated with the output gap. We test through which channels quantitative easing affects the prices and issuance of securities. We exploit the announcement of the corporate bond purchase program by the European Central Bank and we study the impact of the announcement We exploit the announcement of the corporate bond purchase program by the European Central Bank and we study the impact of the announcement on the cross-section of European corporate bonds.
We find that, as the Central Bank increased the demand for bonds eligible for the program, eligible firms responded by substituting the issuance of ineligible bonds with the issuance of eligible bonds. As a result, bond prices were unaffected by their eligibility status and all firms increased total issuance to the same extent. We show that monetary policy affected bond prices through a risk channel. Prices increased significantly more for bonds and firms that were exposed to higher levels of risk and uncertainty.
However, risky firms did not issue more in response. This papers applied Bayesian methods for estimation of a Structural Credit Risk SCR model for sovereign bonds as an extension of the traditional Merton model. It also consider and stochastic path for asset volatility and interest risk It also consider and stochastic path for asset volatility and interest risk free rate. It also shows a performance evaluation based on convergence of Bayesian inferences, error forecast and explanatory power of implied credit spreads with observable sovereign spreads.
Finally, the empirical results shows illustrations of the model considering daily data information of four Latin American countries, Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru. Il Social Impact Bond: uno strumento innovativo alla ricerca del suo diritto. Corporate choice between conventional bond and Sukuk issuance evidence from GCC countries.
Although there have been recent developments in respect of the diversification of capital markets in GCC countries, the motivations of the firms issuing Sukuk or conventional bonds have remained largely unexplored. Using a sample Using a sample consisting of 88 Sukuk and conventional bonds issued in GCC countries during the period from to , this paper analyses the factors affecting an issuer's choice of employing an Islamic bond Sukuk structure as compared to conventional bonds instruments.
The results suggest that there are some significant differences between Islamic and conventional bond issuer's choice determinants; these can be attributed to the Sukuk's specific characteristics and to the issuer's characteristics. Within the GCC region, the firms, which issue Sukuk, have more specific characteristics. By way of contrast, the determinants among those firms, which issue conventional bonds, have fewer specific characteristics.
In addition , our findings provide evidence that in respect of the issuance of larger debt and long tenor, firms prefer to issue Sukuk rather than conventional bonds. However, with regard to the quality of the credit rating, our empirical proxies report a positive correlation with the issuance of conventional bonds and a negative correlation with the issuance of Sukuk.
Yet 24 percent of respondents either refuse to accept the fact that climate change is real, according to a YouGov global public opinion and survey Yet 24 percent of respondents either refuse to accept the fact that climate change is real, according to a YouGov global public opinion and survey from earlier this year, or simply do not believe that human activity can harm the environment. This state of mind has led slowed down progress in addressing climate change. No wonder an increasing number of news reports express fear of not being able to achieve the sustainable development goals by Islamic finance and green finance are a natural fit, considering that Islam, the religion behind Islamic finance, emphasizes how humans on earth are born as trustees and stewards khalifah and that they must respect nature and all forms of life.
All the money from the green sukuk issuance will be used to finance projects that meet the ecological criteria. Everyone help Austria! The meteoric price rise of the year Austrian government bond has been a topic of conversation. Alas, there's a possible method to the madness, and I try to explain my views here. The devil's alternative.
My personal take on GDP linked government bonds. I propose a variant which would more correctly enforce market discipline on public spending. The curve shows a pyramidal evolution that will be illustrated below. Currently it is on a double local low and on a more than century minimum!! Let's analyze the structure and the graphic implications with the methods of the Graphical Contest, after some little modification of chart.
The first section of the curve is an about perfect pyramid, with a last century opening at 3. A new bullish phase starts after the minimum is reached. From the top point, the curve starts again a bearish slope, with numerous local interruptions, but remaining always in descending trend. In this case, however, unlike the fifty years of the previous century, the pyramid base is consistently broken and never recovered until now. In fact the current prices are far from the threshold of the lows of the last century at 2.
This value, moreover, has been reached twice in this decade the last 5 years forming a very interesting double local low right on the minimum level at years of the cumulative curve. What graphical considerations can be made?? The first consideration is the inclusion of the systemic QE ecosystem on the year chart.
It can be seen immediately that the yields collapse process has been underway for several decades.
Pauta Guia Ejercicios Finanzas Corporativas
Bono 3: 1 punto basico 0.0001
The Small Exchange!