Legislatures :. Originally set up to investigate bribery and governmental corruption, in it received expanded jurisdiction to investigate breaches of central laws enforceable by the Government of India, multi-state organised crime, multi-agency or international cases. The Bureau of Investigation traces its origins to the Special Police Establishment , a Central Government Police force, which was set up in by the Government of India to investigate bribery and corruption in transactions with the War and Supply Department of India. After the end of the war, there was a continued need for a central governmental agency to investigate bribery and corruption by central-government employees.
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Legislatures :. Originally set up to investigate bribery and governmental corruption, in it received expanded jurisdiction to investigate breaches of central laws enforceable by the Government of India, multi-state organised crime, multi-agency or international cases. The Bureau of Investigation traces its origins to the Special Police Establishment , a Central Government Police force, which was set up in by the Government of India to investigate bribery and corruption in transactions with the War and Supply Department of India.
After the end of the war, there was a continued need for a central governmental agency to investigate bribery and corruption by central-government employees. Its jurisdiction extended to the Union Territories, and could be further extended to the states with the consent of the state governments involved.
Patel directed Legal Advisor Karam Chand Jain to monitor criminal proceedings against the dewans and chief ministers of those states. The CBI established a reputation as India 's foremost investigative agency with the resources for complicated cases, and it was requested to assist the investigation of crimes such as murder , kidnapping and terrorism.
The Supreme Court and a number of High Courts in the country also begin assigning such investigations to the CBI on the basis of petitions filed by aggrieved parties. The founding director of the CBI was D. Kohli , who held the office from 1 April to 31 May Before this, Kohli was Inspector-general of police for the Special Police Establishment from to and held law-enforcement positions in Madhya Bharat as chief of police , Uttar Pradesh and local central-government offices.
For distinguished service, Kohli was awarded the Padma Bhushan in He nurtured the organisation during his long career as inspector general and director and laid the foundation on which the agency grew.
Gauhati High Court had given a verdict on 6 November , that CBI is unconstitutional and does not hold a legal status. Demanding independent investigations, the CBI said that although it deferred to the government's authority in non-corruption cases, the agency felt that sufficient financial and administrative powers were required by the director including a minimum three-year tenure to ensure "functional autonomy". The Appointment Committee consists of:. The Selection Committee consists of  :.
NDA government, on 25 November , moved an amendment bill to do away with the requirement of quorum in high-profile committee while recommending the names, for the post of director CBI, to the central government by introducing the clause "no appointment of a CBI director shall be invalid merely by reason of any vacancy or absence of members in the panel". Interrogation rooms, cells, dormitories and conference halls are provided.
The building has a staff cafeteria with a capacity of , men's and women's gyms, a terrace garden, and bi-level basement parking for vehicles. Advanced fire-control and power-backup systems are provided, in addition to a press briefing room and media lounge. The Before the academy was built a small training centre at Lok Nayak Bhawan, New Delhi , conducted short-term in-service courses.
The CBI then relied on state police-training institutions and the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy in Hyderabad for basic training courses for deputy superintendents of police, sub-inspectors and constables.
The Academy accommodates the training needs of all CBI ranks. Facilities for specialised courses are also made available to the officials of the state police , central police organisations CPOs , public-sector vigilance organisations, bank and government departments and the Indian Armed Forces.
The central government may extend to any area except Union Territories the powers and jurisdiction of the CBI for investigation, subject to the consent of the government of the concerned state. Members of the CBI at or above the rank of sub-inspector may be considered officers in charge of police stations.
Under the act, the CBI can investigate only with notification by the central government. Maintaining law and order is a state responsibility as "police" is a State subject, and the jurisdiction to investigate crime lies with the state police exclusively.
The CBI being a Union subject may investigate:. The High Courts and the Supreme Court have the jurisdiction to order a CBI investigation into an offence alleged to have been committed in a state without the state's consent, according to a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court in Civil Appeals and of on 17 Feb The bench ruled:.
Being the protectors of civil liberties of the citizens, this Court and the High Courts have not only the power and jurisdiction but also an obligation to protect the fundamental rights, guaranteed by Part III in general and under Article 21 of the Constitution in particular, zealously and vigilantly. The court clarified this is an extraordinary power which must be exercised sparingly, cautiously and only in exceptional situations.
SC says this verdict when CBI Director challenge the decision of central govt to send him on leave without his will. Please help expand this section by addition more cases with their summary with citations. According to Supreme Court of India , the CBI has been criticized for being a "caged parrot speaking in its master's voice", due to its excessive political interference irrespective of which party happened to be in power at the time.
Lall director and joint director, respectively as engaging in nepotism, wrongful prosecution and corruption. Normally, cases assigned to the CBI are sensitive and of national importance. It is standard practice for state police departments to register cases under its jurisdiction ; if necessary, the central government may transfer a case to the CBI.
The agency has been criticised for its mishandling of several scams. In January it was discovered that the CBI had quietly unfrozen bank accounts belonging to Italian businessman Ottavio Quattrocchi , one of those accused in the Bofors scandal which tainted the government of Rajiv Gandhi.
Associates of then-prime minister Rajiv Gandhi were linked to alleged payoffs made during the mids by Swedish arms firm AB Bofors, with US million in kickbacks moved from Britain and Panama to secret Swiss banks. A arrest of militants in Kashmir led to a raid on hawala brokers, revealing evidence of large-scale payments to national politicians. The 20 defendants were discharged by Special Judge V. The judge ruled that there was no prima facie evidence against the accused which could be converted into legal evidence.
Those freed included Bharatiya Janata Party president L. Advani; former Union ministers V. Tiwari and R. Dhawan, and former Delhi chief minister Madan Lal Khurana. In a ruling by late Chief Justice of India J.
Verma listed about two dozen guidelines which, if followed, would have ensured the independence of the investigating agency. Sixteen years later, successive governments circumvent the guidelines and treat the CBI as another wing of the government.
Although the prosecution was prompted by a public-interest petition, the cases concluded with no convictions. In this case Santosh Kumar Singh, the alleged murderer of a year-old law student, was acquitted for what the judge called "deliberate inaction" by the investigating team.
The judgment noted that "the influence of the father of the accused has been there". Raghavan appointed two special directors P. Sharma and Gopal Achari to study the judgement. This case concerns 27 March death of a nun who was found in a water well in the Saint Pius X convent hostel in Kottayam , Kerala.
Five CBI investigations have failed to yield any suspects. The agency had filed two charge sheets, sent letters rogatory abroad and sent a team to the United States to imprison Chatwal and his wife from 2—5 February Later, it was decided not to appeal their release. This closed a case of bank fraud in which Chatwal had been embroiled for over a decade.
Four charges were filed by the CBI, with Chatwal named a defendant in two. The other two trials are still in progress. RTI applicant Krishnanand Tripathi was denied access to public information concerning the closed cases. Chatwal is a recipient of the Padma Bhushan. This case concerns 5 December death of T.
Varghese also known as Malankara Varghese , a member of the Malankara Orthodox Church managing committee and a timber merchant. Varghese Thekkekara, a priest and manager of the Angamali diocese of the rival Jacobite Syrian Christian Church part of the Syriac Orthodox Church , was charged with murder and conspiracy on 9 May Thekkekara was not arrested after he was charged, for which the CBI was criticised by the Kerala High Court and the media.
The CBI was publicly seen as ineffective in trying the Bhopal disaster case. Former CBI joint director B. Lall has said that he was asked to remain soft on extradition for Union Carbide CEO Warren Anderson  and drop the charges which included culpable homicide. Those accused received two-year sentences. The UPA government has been accused of allocating 2G spectrum to corporations at very low prices through corrupt and illegal means. The Supreme Court cited the CBI many times for its tardiness in the investigations;   only after the court began monitoring its investigations    were high-profile arrests made.
CBI director Ranjit Sinha submitted an affidavit in the Supreme Court that the coal-scam status report prepared by the agency was shared with Congress Party law minister Ashwani Kumar "as desired by him" and with secretary-level officers from the prime minister's office PMO and the coal ministry before presenting it to the court.
On 26 November , Parents of girl named Rajesh and Nupur Talwar were sentenced to life imprisonment for the twin murders. Court also said that CBI tampered evidences and tutored witnesses.
Questions arose by nation on investigation and judgement given by CBI court. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. India government investigating agency. The neutrality of this article is disputed.
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Central Bureau of Investigation
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The Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act, 1946
SC to examine nature of consent needed from states for CBI probe