Mangosuthu Buthelezi founded the party in and led it until In , the party issued an official statement, penned by MP, Narend Singh, stating that the time had come to discuss the possibility of reinstating the death penalty in South Africa. Because of Buthelezi's former position in the African National Congress , the two organisations were initially very close and each supported the other in the anti-apartheid struggle. As a Homeland leader, the power of Buthelezi depended on the South African state and economy. With anti-apartheid leaders inside South Africa and abroad demanding sanctions, Buthelezi came to be regarded more and more as a government puppet, along with other Bantustan leaders. His tribal loyalties and focus on ethnic interests over national unity were also criticised as contributing to the divisive programme of Inkatha.

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Despite the reduction of political violence, electoral violence persists in the form of rally disruptions, prevention of electioneering in no-go and stronghold areas, attacks on supporters and confrontations between party representatives. A scan of provincial election results depicted in the four tables below of democratic elections held over the last twenty years tracks the gradual shift of power from the IFP and the subsequent consolidation of the ANC in KwaZulu-Natal.

In the election the IFP secured In the election the IFP began to lose ground, with The election saw a shift in power, with the ANC gaining By the election the ANC had consolidated its power in the province, with The trend between the last two election periods is therefore an increase in voting activity. Indeed, it has been suggested that the KwaZulu-Natal province is an integral part of the ANC's strategy to retain its national voting figures.

The same survey recorded The NFP claims to be a party for all people but one that is sympathetic towards the poor, the marginalised, youth, widows and orphans. The party launched its election manifesto in Durban recently, with a turnout of some 45, people.

Its aim is to secure 1. A controversial figure, Khoza claims to be a whistle-blower in the Manase Report, which focused on exposing corruption in the eThekwini Municipality. And poor people always come to the fore when there is a call to say fund your own revolution'. The KZNDEF was formed in with the objective of ensuring a provincial electoral environment to accommodate free and peaceful participation.

This was particularly in light of the election-related violence, intimidation and political intolerance in the province. Elsewhere 16 I have argued that while it is not possible to directly attribute lower levels of election-related conflict and higher levels of peace during elections in KwaZulu-Natal to the work of the Forum, it is possible to suggest that it has made significant inroads towards promoting a democratic-spirited electorate more inclined towards peaceful rather than conflict-based elections.

The work of the Forum has resulted in it building extensive capacity to respond to conflict and promote peace. This includes the establishment of a pool of election observers, monitors, mediators and skilled trainers. Reasons for protest are usually framed as material demands for services such as housing, water, electricity, access to healthcare, education, development and employment as well as calls for greater accountability at local levels of governance.

Protest by striking students and labour is also constant, and in numerous mass protests were registered in relation to the May municipal elections, reflecting breakaway party politics between the IFP and NFP as well as various internal ANC battles.

All of the respondents interviewed indicated that they had voted in the last election and only two of them said they would consider abstaining from voting should their protest issues remain unresolved. This campaign currently seems to be under debate. Others argue, however, that it may be time for ABM members to vote for an opposition party. Voting and violence in KwaZulu-Natal's no-go areas: Coercive mobilisation and territorial control in post-conflict elections.

African Journal on Conflict Resolution, 13 1 , , p Politics by other means: The practise and discourse of violence in KZN. Toward electoral security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal. Africa Spectrum, 46 1 , IFP outraged by alleged police slaying of one of its supporters.

Sunday Tribune, 16 March, p. Accessed on 17 March The political crystal ball: What to expect from election campaigning in Daily Maverick, 9 February. Accessed on: 17 March I'll show you how this game is played. Rebel with a Khoza. Sunday Tribune, 9 March, p. Habib, A. Valodia, I. Zuern, E. Globalisation, marginalisation and contemporary social movements in South Africa.

African Affairs, , Journal of African Elections, 9 1 , People are demanding public service not service delivery. Business Day, 29 July and Pithouse, R. The service delivery myth. Dispatch Online, 3 February, Pambazuka News Re-examining counter-hegemonic forces in post-apartheid South Africa.

Review of African Political Economy, 38 , Development and Change, 44 3 , Review of African Political Economy, , Methodological note: this study is based on a small sample of ten households and should not be taken as totally representative of protest trends in Cato Manor.


South African Elections 2014

It contains a selection of titles on elections in South Africa from the library's online catalogue , including monographs, articles, and chapters from edited works, published since Each title links directly to the corresponding record in the online catalogue , which provides a more detailed description of all titles as well as abstracts of many articles and edited works. The dossier starts with an introduction to South African elections since the end of apartheid and concludes with a selection of links to relevant web sites. For further information, please email us at asclibrary ascleiden. The South African general election will be held on 7 May , to elect a new National Assembly as well as new provincial legislatures in each province.



On the occasion of the fifth free and democratic elections since the end of apartheid, Eventually, On election day the KAS office in Johannesburg sent its own observer mission to a couple of voting stations in and around Johannesburg. You will find all relevant information of KAS and further reading to the General Election from 7 May on this page. ANC siegt deutlich, aber mit Stimmverlusten.


Inkatha Freedom Party





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