Irena Krzywicka— a writer and journalist. She was a Polish feminist and the most famous women's rights activist in the Second Polish Republic. She was born in in Yeniseysk, into a Jewish family. Her parents,who had been exiled to Siberia for engaging in self-education movement, returned to Warsaw in She graduated from the University of Warsaw with a degree in Polish.

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Krzywicka was born in a family of Polish-Jewish left-wing intelligentsia. Her parents were socialist activists exiled to Siberia , where Irena was born.

During the exile, Irena's father developed tuberculosis and died three years after their return to Poland. In , Krzywicka graduated from the University of Warsaw with a degree in Polish. She did not finish her doctoral thesis because of the conflict with her supervisor. In Irena married Jerzy Krzywicki, a son of sociologist and women's rights activist Ludwik Krzywicki. The Krzywickis decided to be in an open marriage.

Soon after the wedding, Krzywicka went to Corsica with her lover Walter Hasenclever , a famous German poet and playwright. She believed that her marriage was happy and had two sons, Piotr and Andrzej. Krzywicka was an author of several novels and translated works of H.

They fell in love and became lovers. Krzywicka's work on spreading the knowledge about sexual education and birth control made her the most famous feminist of pre-war Poland. She was considered a scandalist as she talked about abortion , women's sexuality and homosexuality.

During World War II and the occupation of Poland Krzywicka had to remain in hiding under a false name because she was placed on the Nazi list of people marked for extermination. She helped the underground Home Army in resistance activities. In — Krzywicka worked at the Polish embassy in Paris , but eventually came back to Poland. She left Poland in to help in the career of her son, who was awarded a scholarship by the Ford Foundation.

They went first to Switzerland and then to France. She lived for a long time in Bures-sur-Yvette , where she also died. In Krzywicka published her famous autobiography, Wyznania gorszycielki 'Confessions of a Scandalous Woman'.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Irena Krzywicka. Yeniseysk , Russian Empire. Bures-sur-Yvette , France. Kobieta szuka siebie 'Victorious Loneliness.

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Continental philosophy. University of Warsaw. Politics , Feminism , Ethics.


Books by Irena Krzywicka

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