KAULA UPANISHAD PDF

It is claimed to have flourished in India primarily in the first millennium AD. The details of the sects were unknown until the Christian missionaries distorted and used Tantric texts to claim that the Hindu texts were immoral. In later Hatha Yoga , the Kaula visualization of kundalini rising through a system of chakras is overlaid onto the earlier bindu -oriented system. The translation of the term Kula in English is considered difficult and has raised some problems for researchers. Philosophically the term is said to represent a unifying connectedness, beneath the various objects, processes and living entities of this world, which may be identified with these goddesses as aspects of the supreme deity, in some regions the god Shiva, elsewhere a goddess.

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It is claimed to have flourished in India primarily in the first millennium AD. The details of the sects were unknown until the Christian missionaries distorted and used Tantric texts to claim that the Hindu texts were immoral. In later Hatha Yoga , the Kaula visualization of kundalini rising through a system of chakras is overlaid onto the earlier bindu -oriented system. The translation of the term Kula in English is considered difficult and has raised some problems for researchers. Philosophically the term is said to represent a unifying connectedness, beneath the various objects, processes and living entities of this world, which may be identified with these goddesses as aspects of the supreme deity, in some regions the god Shiva, elsewhere a goddess.

Kaula practices are based on tantra , closely related to the siddha tradition and shaktism. Kaula sects are noted for their extreme exponents who recommend the flouting of taboos and social mores as a means of liberation. The concepts of purity, sacrifice, freedom, the spiritual master guru and the heart are core concepts of the Kaula tradition.

In this sacrifice, the wise man should use the very ingredient which is forbidden in the series of scriptures. It is immersed in the nectar-of-the-left. Actions or objects are not seen impure in themselves, rather the attitude is the determinant factor. Spiritual ignorance is the only impurity and knowledge is pure. Kaula sacrifice yajna is defined primarily as an inward act. Any action performed with the purpose of evoking the supreme reality is said to be sacrifice.

There are six main types of sacrifice according to the "six supports"; external reality, the couple, the body, the central channel of the subtle breath susumna , the mind and Shakti. Kaula stresses the language of self-sufficiency, liberation and freedom. At a social level deconditioning is realized by detaching from traditional restrictions with regard to what is considered pure and impure and through the adoption of the spiritual family of the guru.

At the mental level freedom is attained by the awakening of Kundalini through asana , pranayama , mudra or mantras , the amplification and sublimation of the vital and mental energy and the elevation of consciousness. The culmination of this process is spiritual illumination. Absolute freedom is to be found only in the revelation of the unity of the spirit with God, a state described as Atma-vyapti or re-absorption into the true Self atman or Shiva-vyapti : re-absorption into the supreme consciousness of Shiva.

Consciousness expands into the so-called pure reality , a level that is considered to exist beyond time and space, where the powers of knowledge and action are unfettered, there are no conditioning desires or needs to be fulfilled and bliss is directly present in consciousness. Kaula's basic method is the experience of the freedom of consciousness [21] in the heart, ultimately reflected in the center of the being as Kechari Mudra.

This mudra attitude means "the ability of consciousness to freely move charati about in the space kha of the heart". Here the kaulas are unlike Advaita and Veda , where there is the conception that maya cosmic illusion is superimposed upon the brahman absolute , inducing a sort of illusory creation. Here, creation is considered real, and the will to create is considered free and unfettered.

Kaula functions as a form of guru yoga , where the disciple's only essential practice is to surrender himself to his guru, accepting the spiritual impulse bestowed upon him by his master. Disciples eminently open towards their guru's spiritual influence are named spiritual sons and held to know the highest state of consciousness [24] by their direct link to their guru's illuminated heart.

The guru is considered to form a single Self atman with his disciples. As such, he leads the disciples to the discovery of their own Atman with his own consciousness, exalted into the supreme state. Aham , the heart or "subjective I", is a central concept in Kaula ideology, conceived of as the most sacred reality, home of consciousness Cit and bliss Ananda , place of union of the cosmic couple Shiva and Shakti. The term Aham refers to the same reality as other terms like anuttara unsurpassed , Akula beyond the group , Shiva The Lord , Cit supreme consciousness as well as "feminine" aspects as Ananda and Shakti.

Each term brings a specific viewpoint, but none of them can fully describe the Supreme Reality. These eight are not disconnected, unrelated processes but rather a unified, interrelated family "kaula" based on consciousness as the common substrate.

On the cosmic level, the "Heart of the Lord" aham is the substrate of the family of 36 elements forming all manifestation. The concept of "Spiritual Heart" is so important that even the supreme realization in Kashmir Shaivism is described in relation to it. The so-called Kechari Mudra is an attitude described as "the ability of consciousness to freely move charati about in the space kha of the heart". Similarly to other tantric schools, Kaula chooses a positive affirmative approach: instead of prescribing self-limitations and condemning various actions, it embraces such actions in a spiritual light.

The main focus in Kaula is on practical methods for attaining enlightenment , [31] rather than engaging in complex philosophical debate. Whatever is pleasant and positive can be integrated in its practice.

The principal means employed in the Kaula practice are the spiritual family, the practice of initiation rituals, the couple sexual rituals such as maithuna , the body spiritual alchemy inside one's own body , the energy shakti controlled especially through the use of mantras and mystical phonemes and the consciousness seen as the epitome of one's whole being and of the universe itself.

Group practices, which are restricted to the members of a kaula family , [36] include rituals, festivities, initiations and the secretive tantric sexual union. The key to the effectiveness of group practice is held to reside in the harmony of minds and hearts of the participants.

Abhinavagupta declares that such a group can enter a state of oneness and universal consciousness without effort. The relation between a Kaula's parts is realized through mutual reflection. Reflection pratibimba is used here in the sense of "containing an image of the other objects inside", a concept similar to that of the hologram. The number of possible interactions and reflections between the members of a Kaula is much larger than the number of elements it contains.

As each part contains Akula , in its essence, it automatically contains everything, [45] this is how the mutual reflection is said to be realized. Almost half of the Tantraloka is dedicated to rituals, usually evoking the union of complementary sets such as man and woman, a faculty and its object or inhalation and exhalation.

The power of a ritual lies in its repetition. A pure disciple will attain the supreme state even by simply staying for a short time in presence of a guru without any instruction, but less prepared ones need reinforcement and gradual accumulation. Kaula puts a special emphasis on the physical body in spiritual practice [51] "as a vessel of the Supreme" and, as such, not an obstacle tortured in ascetic practices. Starting from the expanded consciousness of the self atman , the body and in the end, the exterior reality too is infused with the experience of non-duality.

The non-dual, experienced initially only in consciousness, is extended to the whole body. At this point, consciousness, mind, senses and physical body are "dissolved" into oneness, expanded into the spiritual light of consciousness. As a consequence, any perception of the exterior reality becomes nondual. It becomes possible to live submerged in a continuous state of union with Shiva even while performing regular day-to-day activities.

The yogi experiences everything as pure light and ecstasy cit-ananda and does not feel any difference between interior and exterior any more. Abhinavagupta: "The couple yamala is consciousness itself, the unifying emission and the stable abode. It is the absolute, the noble cosmic bliss consisting of both Shiva and Shakti.

It is the supreme secret of Kula ; neither quiescent nor emergent, it is the flowing font of both quiescence and emergence. The sexual practices of the Kaula schools, also known as "the secret ritual", are performed with a so-called "external Shakti" sexual partner [59] as opposed to the purely meditative practices which involve only one's own spiritual energies the "interior Shakti". The role of the sexual Kaula ritual is to unite the couple, yogini initiated woman and siddha initiated man , and induce one in the other a state of permanent awakening.

In their exalted state, the two become absorbed into the consciousness of the Self. Becoming united on all the levels, physical, astral, mental and even in their consciousness, they reconstitute the supreme couple of Shiva and Shakti. The Kaula sacrifice is reserved for the few, the elite who can maintain a state of Bhairava spiritual illumination in sexual union. The energy generated during the tantric sexual act is considered a form of "subtle emission", while the act of ejaculation is considered a form of physical emission.

Depending on the orientation of one's consciousness, introverted or extroverted, emission can be of two kinds: rested and risen. Mantric meditation is the most common form of tantric practice.

In the Kaula system, this practice is associated especially with the group of phonemes. This mystical state of culminates in the kaula of the body perfection of the ensemble of organs, senses and mind and such a being is known as a siddha accomplished one. Initiation into mantric practice is based on a transfer of power and the link lineage of the heart. The word or phoneme is not useful in itself, as it does not have efficiency unless the disciple received his initiation from an authentic master.

While the manifest reality is described as Kula a variant form of the term Kaula , the unifying factor, the Deity, is termed Akula. As the substrate of all manifestation is Akula , such is also the basis of any Kula.

So Kula families are united by a common substrate, the transcendent Akula. Such an affirmation has been popularized under slogans like "Consciousness is Everything" in some recent Kashmir Shaivism related publications for the public.

Often at the highest level of reality Shiva and Shakti form the supreme couple, or the ultimate Kula family. The two are always in indissoluble union in a perfect state of bliss. Ultimately there is no difference between Shiva and Shakti, they are different aspects of the same reality. The supreme "family" by definition spans both manifestation and transcendence. In Kashmir Shaivism, Supreme Consciousness Cit , identical to Akula is considered to be the substrate of manifestation.

Consciousness is the ultimate principle, the monad of the universe, always present as substrate in every external object, be it gross physical , subtle mental or subtlest relating to the causal body or soul. Thus external world, body, mind and soul are considered kindred parts of the whole, concretisation of the supreme consciousness. A closely related concept is Kaulika , the binding force of the Kula.

The term literally means "sprung in Kula ". Thus, Kaulika is an energy both of spirit and matter. Bridging the two, Kaulika creates the path of evolution for consciousness from ego to spirit.

The manifestation of Kaulika proceeds from the absolute anuttara in the process of cosmic creation mahasristi. Even if she is the dynamic aspect of the absolute, she does not rank lower than Shiva, her divine consort. While Kaula is primarily an oral tradition and does not place a high value on the creation of texts, there are some texts associated with the tradition. Muller-Ortega, following Pandey, summarizes the literature of the Kashmiri school as follows: [89] [90].

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about a school of Hinduism. For other uses, see Kaula. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject. Please help improve the article by providing more context for the reader.

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Kaula (Hinduism)

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Home About Me Contact Me. The Kaula -The Kaula Upanishad. It is immersed in the nectar-of-the-left. Spiritual ignorance is the only impurity and knowledge is pure.

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