Additionally, there are significant Kurdish diaspora communities in the cities of western Turkey, in particular Istanbul , while a Kurdish diaspora has developed in Western Europe , primarily in Germany. Numerically, the Kurds are estimated to number between 30 and 45 million. Kurds speak the Kurdish languages and the Zaza—Gorani languages , which belong to the Western Iranian branch of the Iranian languages in the Indo-European language family. However, that promise was nullified three years later, when the Treaty of Lausanne set the boundaries of modern Turkey and made no such provision, leaving Kurds with minority status in their respective countries.
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The first historically traceable Zakarid was Khosrov. In , the Zakarids supported the monarchy against the insurgents during the rebellion of Prince Demna and the Orbeli family. Sargis was granted Lori during the reign of the Tamar of Georgia in The sons of Sargis, Zakare and Ivane Zakarian, were the most successful representatives of the family, who were military commanders under Queen Tamar.
Zakare and Ivane took Dvin in They also took Sevan, Bjni, Amberd and Bargushat, and all the towns above the city of Ani , up to the bridge of Khodaafarin bridge. Around the year , they took the city of Ani, and in , Tamar gave Ani to them as a principality. The brothers commanded the Armenian-Georgian armies for almost three decades, achieving major victories at Shamkor in and Basen in and leading raids into northern Persia in and suppression of rebellions of mountaineers in They amassed a great fortune, governing all of northern Armenia; Zakare and his descendants ruled in northwestern Armenia with Ani as their capital, while Ivane and his offspring ruled eastern Armenia, including the city of Dvin.
Both brothers left several bilingual inscriptions across the Armeno-Georgian border lands and built several churches and forts, such as the Harichavank Monastery and Akhtala Monastery in northern Armenia. The family went in decline with the establishment of Mongol power in the Caucasus. When the Khwarezms invaded the region, Dvin was ruled by the aging Ivane, who had given Ani to his nephew Shahnshah , son of Zakare.
Dvin was lost, but Kars and Ani did not surrender. They confirmed Shanshe in his fief, and even added to it the fief of Avag , son of Ivane.
After the Mongols captured Ani in , the Zakarids ruled not as vassals of the Bagratids, but rather the Mongols. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Costa Mesa, Calif. BRILL, Historical Dictionary of Armenia. Dictionary of the Middle Ages. The degree of Armenian dependence on Georgia during this period is still the subject of considerable controversy. The numerous Zak'arid inscriptions leave no doubt that they considered themselves Armenians, and they often acted independently.
Studies in Caucasian History. Retrieved Categories : Zakarids. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
This memorial in Northern Iraq was reportedly destroyed by Turkish airstrikes in December Turkey facilitated the rise of Isis, allowing its militants to flood across its porous border with Syria. Isis is notorious for its misogyny. The Kurdistan Workers Party also known as P. Archived copy as title Webarchive template kird links Articles containing Kurdish-language text. Vudogrel Western allies including Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Kuwait have proved crucial in exporting fundamentalist ideology, as well as funds and arms for jihadi groups. The region is landlocked and kurf by enemies.
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